Bahai News - Character comes through in porcelain
Character comes through in porcelain
By Joy Krause
of the Journal Sentinel staff
June 15, 1997
The delight of Mildred Mottahedeh is that she is, as she describes
herself with an irrepressibly sly grin, "a character."
She is also a woman of substance: co-founder of one of the world's
leading companies in the dinnerware and museum-reproduction business; an
absolute authority on Chinese porcelains and the owner of a vast
collection that dates to 5,000 B.C.; winner of a United Nations award
for her work to improve the lives of Third World people by teaching
marketable skills; and a deep believer in the Baha'i faith who says her
proudest accomplishment is "a life of service."
Mottahedeh, 88, visited Milwaukee recently to present a slide talk on
porcelain at George Watts & Son, 761 N. Jefferson St.
She opened an interview at her University Club suite with two
"Would you like coffee or tea?"
"Do you want to hear a joke ‹ a nice clean joke?"
(Eve said to Adam, "I love you." Adam said: "Who else?")
She sprinkled a conversation on the history of porcelain (going back
to the development of eating implements), with tidbits about how she met
her late husband, Iranian archaeologist and businessman Rafi Mottahedeh;
how four men have proposed to her since his death, but that one
wonderful marriage is enough; and how she grew up in a world of
privilege: "I was raised like a spoiled brat."
For the last five years, she has served as a consultant to Mottahedeh
& Co., having sold it to fellow Baha'is Grant and Wendy Kvalheim. Now,
she's retiring in order to focus full-time on the Mottahedeh Foundation,
which has founded and sponsored projects in Uganda, Zaire, India and
Founded in 1958, the foundation is an extension of philanthropic work
that she and her husband started in 1929, when they began their 49-year
marriage. Living in an apartment in Greenwich Village, they were better
off than many, she said.
"We felt so sorry for all the poor kids, all the starving people. We
felt a sense of obligation."
Once a month, they rented a double-decker bus, filled it with
children, drove to clothing and candy wholesalers,dressed and treated
the kids, then took them to the Baha'i Center for a meal.
Baha'i was founded in the mid-19th century in Iran. Its main tenets are
the unity of all religions and the unity of humankind.
During World War II, the Mottahedehs became antiques importers and
wholesalers, which was her idea. She did the research and documentation
of items at home.
In 1945, they founded Mottahedeh & Co., eventually producing porcelain
dinnerware and museum reproductions in porcelain, enamel, glass and
other materials. They worked with 31 museums and 15 castles and
mansions, including the Musee des Arts Decoratifs in Paris; Winterthur
in Wilmington, Del.; Historic Charleston; and the Metropolitan Museum of
Art in New York City.
She counts her married life as double ‹ 98 years instead of the
actual 49 ‹ because "we were together day and night."
Their philosophy, which remains hers, is: "I'm not in business just to
make money, I'm in business to make people's lives better."
In 1943, the couple was asked by the wife of the late Prime Minister
Nehru to help India's starving people. That was the start of what became
known as the 100 Village Project.
They traveled to India and went to work in four impoverished
"First, we washed everybody and gave them basic clothes," she said.
"Then we made everyone over the age of 4 go to school and learn to read
‹ everybody, from 4 to 104." They also established medical clinics
and taught trades in the decorative-arts business, such as working with
brass and silver. She provided the designs. Over time, 96 other villages
joined the program.
This effort could hardly have been more removed from her childhood,
where her home was staffed by servants. That life of privilege continued
into her first job, as an assistant interior designer at a posh
decorating firm in Manhattan in the 1920s.
"We were such damn snobs," she said of herself and her colleagues.
Clients were accepted only if they agreed to spend exorbitant amounts
per room on redecoration, and were listed in the social register. (The
firm was flooded with clients.)
Mottahedeh's consummate command of the history of porcelain ‹ and how
it documents mankind's mastery over materials and their refinement ‹
delighted an audience of about 80 at Watts.
She began, well, at the beginning: "You can eat with your hands, but
they leak." She discussed the effort to make clay less porous by the
addition of minerals. This occurred from 200 B.C. to 200 A.D., she
She traced the use of cobalt and gold designs on Chinese porcelain
pieces to the development of trade routes and the Christian missionary
movement. In addition to religion, 16th-century missionaries also
introduced gold to the Chinese, she said. And the religious European
also introduced angels, which started appearing on Chinese porcelain
designs after their arrival.
She described the forces that caused Europeans, specifically in Meissen,
Germany, to start making porcelain.
She gave tips on identifying antiques from fakes: Because of its
chemical composition, porcelain grays as it ages. Also, the bottoms of
antique porcelain pieces typically were not glazed.
She also said, with regret, that the art of pottery-making wasn't
transferred from generation to generation in China. Chinese officials
have asked her why Mottahedeh hasn't established porcelain manufacturing
plants in their country.
"Because you don't know how to make it anymore," she told them.
The Tobacco Leaf pattern produced by Mottahedeh & Co. is being featured
in an oval self-rimming bathroom basin and an oval undercounter basin by
Kallista, a division of Kohler Co.
©Copyright 1997, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
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